Learning English Animals Vocabulary

[Note: This animals vocabulary pronunciation is in American English]

Animals words are some of the first words we learn in English. If you have a pet or like animals, this is a great topic for one of your first English conversations.

This is a list of popular animals but it is not complete. There are many types of animals that are not on this list. In English, we use "animals" to describe the broad list of living beings that are not plants. In this list of animals vocabulary, you'll find:

  • mammals (e.g., rabbit, dog, fox, bear, rhinoceros): an animal that feeds milk to its young and usually has fur or hair covering its body.
  • birds (e.g., turkey, parrot): an animal that has feathers and wings.
  • reptiles (e.g., snake, turtle): an animal that has a hard or scaly body, lays eggs and has cold blood.
  • fish (e.g., sea horse, shark): an animal that has cold blood, lives in the water and breathes with gills, is often covered with scales and usually has fins.
  • invertebrates (e.g., crab, octopus, squid, starfish, jellyfish): an animal that does not have a backbone.

There are many more animals of course, but this is a good list to start with.

Animals vocabulary video

The video provides a chance to hear each word pronounced and there is a pause after each word so that you can say the words to practice your pronunciation.

When you're finished, leave a comment below to let us know what some of your favorite animals are.

Click the audio player below to hear the pronunciation.


Learning English Animals Vocabulary

Now that you've heard the words pronounced, you can review the whole list of English animals vocabulary covered in the video. This list includes the name of the animal as well as the baby name for the animal. There is also the name we use to call a group of these types of animals. For example, we call a baby dog a "puppy." We call a group of dogs together a "pack" of dogs. You could say the robber was attacked by a "group of dogs" but it would be more accurate to say he was attacked by a "pack" of dogs.

Of course, mother-tongue English speakers do not know the names of all of the babies or groups of animals. Native speakers probably know every animal on this list and many of the common baby names. So don't worry about memorizing everything. It will help you sometimes, however, when you are reading about animals or listening to programs about them.

Key to terms on this animals vocabulary list:

name of animal / baby name

name of group of these animals

bear / bear cub  (name of animal  / baby name)

sloth of bears (name of group of these animals)

camel / camel calf

pack of camels

cat / kitten

clutter of cats / litter of kittens

* called "cattle" (cow is the name of female cattle) but in English we commonly call all of them "cows"

calf (name of baby cattle)

herd of cattle (cows)

crab / zoea larva

cast of crabs

crocodile / crocodile hatchling

bask of crocodiles

deer / doe

herd of deer* (plural of deer is also deer)

dog / puppy

pack of dogs

dolphin / dolphin pup (or dolphin calf)

pod of dolphins

duck / duckling

flock of ducks

elephant / elephant calf

herd of elephants

fish / fingerling

school of fish

fox / fox cub

skulk (or troop) of foxes

giraffe / calf

herd of giraffe

goat / kid (or billy)

herd of goats

hedgehog / piglet (or pup)

array of hedgehogs

hermit crab

cast of hermit crabs

hippopotamus / calf

herd of hippopotamuses (or hippopotami)

horse / foal  

herd of horses

jellyfish / ephyna  

bloom (or swarm) of jellyfish

kangaroo / joey 

herd (or troop) of kangaroo

killer whale / calf 

herd of killer whales

lion / lion cub 

pride of lions

monkey / infant monkey

troop of monkeys

octopus

panda bear / panda bear cub 

sloth of panda bears

peacock* / peachick 

(*peafowl is the animal name and peacock is the name for male peafowl).

muster of peacocks

pig / piglet 

herd of pigs

rabbit / bunny

colony (or drove) of rabbits

rhinoceros / calf

crash of rhinoceros (or rhinoceroses)

seahorse

shark / pup

school (or shiver) of sharks

sheep / lamb

herd (or flock) of sheep*

(plural of sheep is also sheep)

shrimp / baby shrimp

*plural of shrimp is shrimp or shrimps.

snake / snakelet (or hatchling)

bed (or nest) of snakes

starfish

tiger / cub (or whelp)

ambush (or streak) of tigers

turkey / poult (or chick)

rafter of turkeys

turtle / hatchling

bale of turtles

whale / calf

pod (or school) of whales

wolf / pup (or whelp)

pack of wolves

zebra / foal

herd of zebra

Time to practice!  Leave me a comment below!

Learning English animals vocabulary takes practice and I hope this was helpful. Now, take a moment to leave a comment below to practice your English. Remember, practice is the only way to improve your English!

What are some of your favorite animals? Which animals have you seen in person? Do you have any of these animals as pets?


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