Country & Nationalities Vocabulary

[Note: This countries and nationalities vocabulary pronunciation is in American English]

One of the first things you might do when meeting someone from a different country is exchanging pleasantries, right? Vocabulary words for countries, nationalities and languages are very important for personal reasons, in travel and in business. A few notes before we begin:

  • Country:  the plural form is countries.
  • Nationality:  the plural form is nationalities.
  • Language: note there are often several different languages spoken within one country.

By the way, this is neither a complete list of countries, languages or nationalities vocabulary. I'm sorry if your country is not listed. Please don't take any offence.  :)

Country flags and nationalities vocabulary

Below you can also hear the words pronounced. This is a big list of the nationalities vocabulary so I've broken the list down into several groups. Click on the video players below.


Nationalities ending in -an

Country

Nationality

Language(s)

Afghanistan

Angola

Aruba

Costa Rica

Cuba

Germany

Guatemala

Jamaica

Kenya

Libya

Mexico

Morocco

Mozambique

Nicaragua

Paraguay

Rwanda

South Africa

Sri Lanka

Uganda

United States of America

Uruguay

Venezuela

Afghan

Angolan

Aruban

Costa Rican

Cuban

German

Guatemalan

Jamaican

Kenyan

Libyan

Mexican

Moroccan

Mozambican

Nicaraguan

Rwandan

Paraguayan

South African

Sri Lankan

Ugandan

American

Uruguayan

Venezuelan

Pashto, Dari

Portuguese

Dutch / Papiamento

Spanish

Spanish

German

Spanish

English

Swahili / English

Arabic

Spanish

Arabic/Berber

Portuguese

Spanish

Kinyarwanda /French/English

Spanish

English

Sinhala / Tamil

English Swahili

English

Spanish

Spanish

Nationalities ending in -ese

Country

Nationality

Language

Benin

Bhutan

Burma / Myanmar

China

Japan

Lebanon

Portugal

Senegal

Sudan

Vietnam

Beninese

Bhutanese

Burmese / Myanma

Chinese

Japanese

Lebanese

Portuguese

Senegalese

Sudanese

Vietnamese

 French

Bhutanese

Burmese

Chinese

Japanese

Arabic

Portuguese

French

Arabic / English

Vietnamese

Nationalities ending in -i

Country

Nationality

Language(s)

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Iraq

Qatar

Somalia

Tajikistan

Yemen

Azerbaijani

Bahraini

Bangladeshi

Iraqi

Qatari

Somali / Somalian

Tajikistani

Yemeni

Azerbaijan

Arabic

Bengali / English

Arabic / Kurdish

Arabic

Somali / Arabic

Tajik

Arabic

Nationalities ending in -ish

Country

Nationality

Language(s)

Denmark

Finland

Ireland

Poland

Spain

Sweden

Turkey

United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland:

  England

  Northern Ireland

  Scotland

  Wales


Danish

Finnish

Irish/English

Polish

Spanish

Swedish

Turkish

British


  English

  Irish

  Scottish Gaelic

  Welsh

Danish

Finnish

Irish / English

Polish

Spanish

Swedish

Turkish

English


  English

  English/Irish

  English / Scottish Gaelic

  English/Welsh

Nationalities ending in -ian / -ean

Country

Nationality

Language(s)

Algeria

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Bahamas

Belarus

Belgium

Bolivia

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Cameroon

Canada

Chad

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Ethiopia

Georgia

Ghana

Guinea

Haiti

Hungary

India

Indonesia

Iran

Italy

Jordan

North Korea

South Korea

Laos

Latvia

Lithuania

Malawi

Malaysia

Mali

Namibia

Nigeria

Norway

Peru

Romania

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Singapore

Syria

Tanzania

Tunisia

Ukraine

Zimbabwe

Algerian

Argentinian

Armenian

Australian

Austrian

Bahamian

Belarusian

Belgian

Bolivian

Bosnian/Herzegovinian

Brazilian

Bulgarian

Cambodian

Cameroonian

Canadian

Chadian

Chilean

Colombian

Ecuadorian

Egyptian

El Salvadorian

Ethiopian

Georgian

Ghanaian

Guinean

Haitian

Hungarian

Indian

Indonesian

Iranian

Italian

Jordanian

North Korean

South Korean

Laotian / Lao

Latvian

Lithuanian

Malawian

Malaysian

Malian

Namibian

Nigerian

Norwegian

Peruvian

Romanian

Russian

Saudi Arabian

Serbian

Singaporean

Syrian

Tanzanian

Tunisian

Ukrainian

Zimbabwean

Arabic / French

Spanish

Armenian

English

German

English

Belarusian / Russian

French / Dutch / German

Spanish

Bosnian / Croatian / Serbian

Portuguese

Bulgarian

Khmer

French/English

English / French

French / Arabic

Spanish

Spanish

Spanish

Arabic

Spanish

Amharic

Georgian

English

French

French / Creole

Hungarian

Hindi

Indonesian

Persian

Italian

Arabic

Korean

Korean

Lao / French

Latvian

Lithuanian

Chichewa/English

Malay / English

French

English

English

Norwegian

Spanish

Romanian

Russian

Arabic

Serbian

Malay/Mandarin/Tamil/English

Arabic

Swahili / English

Arabic

Ukrainian

English/Bantu

Nationalities with other endings

Country

Nationality

Language(s)

Botswana

Czech Republic

France

Greece

Iceland

Netherlands/Holland

Philippines

Slovakia

Slovenia

Switzerland

Thailand

Kosovo
 

Botswana / Motswana

Czech

French

Greek

Icelander

Dutch

Filipino

Slovak

Slovene

Swiss

Thai

Kosovar

English / Setswana

Czech

French

Greek

Icelandic

Dutch

Filipino/English

Slovak

Slovene

German / French / Italian

Thai

Albanian / Serbian

Your turn: Comment on nationalities vocabulary

Leave me a message in the comments box below to let me know your country, mother tongue language and nationality.

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