There are eight parts of speech in English: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections. All English words fit into one of these word types. Some words can fit into more than one word type.
The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence. (This is important to know because some words can be nouns, verbs or adjectives. For example: I saw him use the saw to cut the wood. Here, "saw" is used first as a verb and then as a noun).
This section provides a brief overview of each of the parts of speech and you can click on each type to get more detailed information, examples and practices exercises.
Nouns are used to name people, animals, places, ideas or things.
Examples: car, elephant, Michael, Dr. Jones, girl, mailbox, China, philosophy
Pronouns are words that take the place (substitute for) nouns.
Examples: we, you, he, him, her, his, mine, yours, someone, these, those.
There are many different types of pronouns: personal, demonstrative, definite, indefinite, interogative, possessive, relative, reflexive and intensive.
Verbs refer to the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of being.
Examples: run, talk, be, eat, drink, play, think, go, find, believe, know, write, study
Adverbs modify or add information to verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Examples: very, quickly, soon, too, almost, rather
Adjectives describe what a noun or pronoun is like.
Examples: old, round, blue, funny, soft, five, excited, scared, intelligent, younger
Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in the sentence. Prepositions often show where the different things are located or positioned.
Examples: in, into, on, at, from, across, under, behind, above, below, between, over, around.
A conjunction is a word that links words and groups of words (phrases and clauses) together.
Examples: and, or, but, so, either, neither, nor, because, yet, after, when
An interjection is a word (or a few words) that express a feeling or emotion. When the feeling or emotion is strong, the interjection is followed by an exclamation point (!). When it isn't as strong, it can be followed by a comma.
Note: An interjection is not grammatically related to the rest of the sentence.
Examples: yahoo, hurray, rats, oh no, uh oh, oh, wow, ouch.
This is a brief overview. For detailed information, click on any of the headings to go to more in-depth information about each of the parts of speech.